Procedure: Check-Up Meeting – Feedback

Coaching Process > Check-Up Meeting – Feedback

Overview

After you have prepared for the Check-Up meeting, you will schedule a meeting where you will share the information you have gathered from the interview, rating forms, and observations. The first part of this Check-Up meeting is focused on delivering feedback to the teachers in a very structured way.
Purpose

Personalized feedback is a well-documented method for evoking motivation and positive changes in classroom environments. Teachers are in a better position to make good decisions about their classrooms when they receive very specific information about things that are going well in the classroom and things that could be improved.

Personalized feedback fosters motivation to change and increases teacher use of effective practices

There are four elements to delivering effective feedback:

1) Create a safe and accepting environment for the teacher and withhold judgments.
2) Deliver feedback in a brief, matter-of-fact tone in the spirit of collaboration and support.
3) Check in often to clarify understanding and shared agreements.
4) Use open-ended questions, affirmations, reflections, and summaries to facilitate the conversation.

How To

After you finish assessing the classroom, arrange a meeting with the teacher to review the personalized feedback, sharing both strengths and areas of concern across the domains of classroom structure, instructional management, behavior management, and classroom climate. In this same meeting, you will work with the teacher to identify strategies they will want to use in their classroom. You should anticipate the meeting taking about 45 minutes. In this section, we will review providing feedback.

The following breaks the feedback into introducing and providing an overview, delivering and processing the feedback, and transitioning to the menu of options and planning.

1

Introduction and Providing an Overview

Spend five minutes at the beginning of the meeting engaged in social conversation, providing an overview of the feedback meeting, and introducing the feedback form.
Quotation Mark
Today I want to share with you the information that I have been gathering. I really want to hear your thoughts about the information I give you. Based on the information and what you want to do, we will then come up with a plan for next steps that you want to take. Sound good?
Ask the “What did you learn” question. This question invites the teacher to reflect on your past conversations and helps connect the interview discussion to the feedback. Sometimes teachers will not have had time to reflect on the interview, which is fine. Simply ask the question, reflect or paraphrase what they say, and then move on.
Quotation Mark
I asked a lot of questions last time we met and sometimes that gets people thinking about themselves and their classroom. I’m just wondering what, if any, thoughts you’ve had since our last meeting.
Affirmations. Next, it is always a good idea to start a conversation with affirmations about the positive aspects of the classroom and the teacher. It is best if these affirmations are sincere and specific.
Quotation Mark
I really appreciated the chance to be in your classroom. I love your energy and passion for teaching. It is clear how much you care about these students. I hear it in your voice and in the way you spend time with them. It really puts a smile on my face.
Introduce the feedback form. Finally, prepare the teacher for the remainder of the session by giving an overview and then describing the feedback form. It can be helpful to use a blank feedback form when describing what the colors on the form mean.
Quotation Mark
Today we are going to talk about all the information that I gathered from talking with you and when I visited the classroom. The way I want to share this with you is on this form that breaks it down into different aspects of the classroom (show blank feedback form). You see for each area there is a range of colors. Areas that are in the green indicate these are the strengths of your classroom, things that we want to keep doing; areas in the yellow are ones that we may want to think about working on; and those in the red are areas we will want to focus on improving. As we go over the form, if something stands out to you that you want to work on, let me know and I will write it down. Then, at the end we will come back to the list of areas you noted. Sound good? Any questions?
Tips for Success
  • Show the teacher a blank feedback form first. Otherwise, their attention will be focused on how they were rated rather than listening to your overview.
  • Try to sit side by side rather than across the table from the teacher. This setup conveys partnership and allows for shared viewing of the feedback form.
  • As you review the feedback, keep a pad of paper next to you and write down areas the teacher wants to work on with you. Do not begin planning new strategies until you finish reviewing the form. Use the list as your menu of options for next steps.
2

Delivering and Processing Feedback

When providing feedback, some basic rules are to be matter-of-fact, reserve judgment, check in to assess agreement, and use a lot of reflections and summaries as the meeting progresses.
Matter-of-fact delivery of difficult feedback. Talking in a neutral tone:
Quotation Mark
When we look at your use of praise, it is in the red. This is because when I visited your classroom, I kept a tally of how often you provided praise to students and how often you provided a reprimand. Your ratio of positive to negative was 1:4, meaning you had four negatives for every positive. Does that surprise you?
Checking in. Be sure to regularly check in with the teacher after you deliver feedback or if you notice surprise, concern, or change in interest as you deliver feedback. Check-in questions or statements include:
  • “What do you make of that?”
  • “Does that fit with how you see your classroom?”
  • “What do you think of that?”
  • “You seem surprised by that.”
  • “You’re nodding your head and seem to agree.”
  • “I noticed you cringed when I said that. What was going through your mind just then?”
Reflect and summarize what you hear the teacher saying:
Quotation Mark
In this section about classroom environment, you feel really good about your relationships with students. One thing you would like to do better is to learn more about students’ lives away from school, and also to share more about your life, as well.
3

Transitioning to Menu of Options and Planning an Intervention

Once you finish reviewing the CCU Feedback Form, provide a summary of the feedback and a transition to start talking about next steps.
Quotation Mark
A few things stand out to you about the feedback. You were pleasantly surprised that you were praising more than you expected. The rate of disruptions and off-task behavior really concern you, and you want to get a handle on that part of the classroom. Next, we are going to look at this list that we developed, identify where you want to focus, and come up with a plan. Any questions or thoughts before we move forward?

Reflection & Tips:

CP3: Check-Up Meeting-Feedback - Reflection
Take a moment to reflect on your skills and comfort in delivering feedback to teachers.

References to Other Relevant Resources:

Herman, K. C., Reinke W. M., Frey, A., & Shepard, S. (2014). Motivational Interviewing in Schools: Strategies for Engaging Parents, Teachers, and Students. New York: Springer

Reinke, W., Herman, K., & Sprick, R. (2011). Motivational interviewing for effective classroom management: The classroom check-up. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

    Example 2: Teacher Interview

    Video Prompts

    • This teacher discusses the struggle between getting through academic work and building relationships.
    • She reflects on how building relationships can actually save time later on.

    Reflecting On Video

    • How important is relationship building to you when working with your students?
    • What are some ideas for what you can do in your classroom to build positive relationships with even the students who are hardest to reach?

    Teaching Classroom Routines

    Posting and Using a Schedule

    Coaching Process – Menu of Options

    Coaching Process – Providing Feedback

    Coaching Process – Introduction and Overview

    Observation Practice 4

    Observation Practice 3

    Observation Practice 2

    Observation Practice 1

    Verbal with Hand Signal

    Video Prompts

    • The students in this video are very excited about the activity. The teacher uses an attention signal that uses both her voice and a hand signal. Notice how quickly the students respond.
    • Notice that the teacher provides behavior-specific praise to the students who respond (see Using Behavior Specific Praise)
    • Her use of praise following a student responding helps to get other students on task and makes it more likely that students will respond quickly in the future.

    Reflecting On Video

    • What did you like about how this teacher used this attention signal?
    • How could you use a similar attention signal to help with transitions or giving instruction to your students?

    Handclap

    Video Prompts

    • This video shows a teacher using hand claps to gain the attention of the students before a transition.
    • Notice how the students clap back to show they know it is time to transition.
    • After gaining the attention of the students the teacher gives very specific directions so the students can transition smoothly.

    Reflecting On Video

    • What did you like about this attention signal?
    • How does using a signal like this help students transition to the next task smoothly?
    • How might you incorporate this or other attention signals into your daily teaching?

    Using an Attention Signal

    Physical Classroom Structure

    Developing and Using Clear Academic Objectives

    Values Card Sort – Example

    Card Sort Introduction

    Coaching – Interview Guide

    Opening the Meeting

    Defining and Teaching Classroom Rules

    Mrs. James

    Miss Faber

    Classroom Climate

    What is Classroom Climate?

    Classroom climate is a term used to give attention to a constellation of factors including teacher-student interactions, teacher tone, student-student interactions, the overall level of respect for one another, and classroom orderliness.
    Quotation mark
    Having positive, respectful teacher-student relationships is the foundation to effective classroom management.

    Why is it important?

    Positive classroom climates are ones in which students feel important, supported, respected, and valued. Classroom climates that foster effective teacher-student relationships are associated with increased academic engagement and student satisfaction with school. Climates where students do not feel respected or valued lead to student disengagement in school, resulting in higher levels of disruptive behavior.

    Concentration Areas

    Use of Noncontingent Attention
    Interactions with Students
    Level of Disruptive Behavior

    Behavior Management

    What is Behavior Management?

    Behavior management is a term used to give attention to classroom strategies that respond to student behaviors and the extent to which these are done consistently. Effective behavior management is NOT about gaining student compliance. Instead, effective behavior management includes strategies to promote positive classroom behaviors and prevent problems before they occur, while responding to misconduct in a calm and consistent manner.
    Quotation mark
    Effective behavior management is proactive, placing emphasis on preventing problems rather than waiting to punish behaviors after they occur.

    Why is it important?

    Effective behavior management practices are linked to improvements in student social behavior and academics. Ineffective behavior management in the classroom can interfere with academic instruction, increase student risk for emotional and behavior problems, and lead to high levels of teacher stress.

    Concentration Areas

    Behavioral Expectations Clear
    Active Supervision
    Use of Praise
    Use of Reprimands
    Positive to Negative Ratio
    Used Variety of Reinforcement

    ■ Instruction Management

    What is Instruction Management?

    Instructional management is a term used to give attention to teacher preparation of academic lessons and the extent to which academic instruction is rigorous, relevant, and delivered at a pace appropriate to the content. Effective instructional management keeps students engaged in learning and decreases disruptive or off-task student behaviors.
    Quotation mark
    Brisk pacing during teacher-led instruction has been shown to decrease problem behavior and increase academic achievement.

    Why is it important?

    There is a direct link between how instruction is delivered in a classroom and the behavior of students. Developmentally appropriate academic opportunities (i.e., those that are not too easy or too difficult) provide students mastery experiences that increase their academic efficacy. Further, when students are engaged in academic instruction, they have higher levels of achievement.

    Concentration Areas

    Schedule Posted and Followed
    Academic Objectives Clear
    Pacing
    Student Accuracy
    Student Engagement

    ▴ Classroom Structure

    What is Classroom Structure?

    Classroom structure is a term used to describe the actual physical layout of a classroom, organization of materials in the classroom, and the extent to which classroom expectations and routines are explicitly defined and taught. Well-structured classrooms are predictable and organized.
    Quotation mark
    Crowded and cluttered classrooms can set the stage for problem behaviors.

    Why is it important?

    Well-structured classrooms increase efficiency, leaving more time for instruction and the promotion of positive academic and social behaviors among students. These include increased student attention, friendlier peer interactions, and less disruptive behavior and aggression.
    Quotation mark
    Well-structured classrooms have established routines that align with classroom rules and expectations.

    Concentration Areas

    Physical Layout
    Classroom Rules
    Classroom Routines
    Smooth Transitions

    Reviewing the Schedule

    Video Prompts

    • Notice how this teacher reviews the schedule for the day with the students first thing in the morning.
    • This teacher demonstrates writing in cursive (a skill the class is working on) while going over the schedule.
    • She also provides opportunities to respond (see Increasing Opportunities to Respond) by asking them to read the words as she writes them.

    Reflecting On Video

    • What did you like about how the teacher reviewed the schedule for the day?
    • How could this be helpful to students?
    • How might you incorporate a review of the schedule into your mornings?

    Reviewing Writing Assignment

    Video Prompts

    • Notice how she asks both individual questions and gets the attention of the room by saying, “I am looking for my active listener.
    • She tells them what book she will be reading, “Seeds to Plants,” when they return from lunch.
    • Notice how she describes what the students will be required to do on the handout. She engages the class by asking questions along the way.

    Reflecting On Video

    • What did you like about how the teacher explained the objectives of the handout?
    • How do you think the students in that class are feeling?
    • How might you incorporate some of what you saw and liked about how she explained the lesson in your classroom?

    Example 1: Hug

    Video Prompts

    • This teacher greets every student as they come in the door in the morning.
    • Notice how the teacher states each student’s name.
    • Notice that students choose how they want to be greeted by receiving a hug or high five. This allows all the students to feel comfortable with the greeting.

    Reflecting On Video

    • What did you like about how this teacher greeted each student as they arrived?
    • How might you go about greeting each student?
    • What do you think the benefits are to greeting students every day?

    Example 2: Moving Between Desks

    Video Prompts

    • Notice how the teacher moves around the room between the desks, commenting on the work she sees as she goes.
    • Notice how the teacher provides behavior-specific praise (“I see very neat and pretty writing. Good job.“).

    Reflecting On Video

    • How do you think the way the teacher moved around the room and commented on the work helped to keep students on task?
    • What did you like about the way the teacher actively supervised the students’ work?
    • What could you do to make it easier for you to move around your classroom and use active supervision?

    Greeting Students at the Door

    Using Journals to Build Relationships

    Identifying Reinforcers for the Classroom

    Example 2: Sharing

    Video Prompts

    • A student is concerned about a peer using his pencil.
    • Notice how the teacher prompts possible solutions with a focus toward the students “doing their number one job.”
    • Notice how, despite the fact that the boy does not choose to share, the teacher compliments the peer who chose to give the pencil to the boy.
    • Notice how she points out that Sofia (peer) was so kind and was a good friend.
    • Notice how she calmly discusses how the boy in the video could think about sharing in the future.

    Reflecting On Video

    • What did you like about how this teacher used coaching to help the students solve the problem?
    • What might you do differently?
    • How do you see yourself using social-emotional coaching in your classroom?

    Example 1: Problem Solving

    Video Prompts

    • The students in this video are working together on an activity. One student comments that others are cheating.
    • Notice how the teacher recognizes the problem from across the room (see Using Active Supervision).
    • Notice how she prompts the students to find the solution.
    • Notice how she makes sure all the students understand the activity before leaving to help other students.
    • Her use of praise following a student responding helps to get other students on task and makes it more likely that students will respond quickly in the future.

    Reflecting On Video

    • What did you like about how this teacher used coaching to help the students solve the problem?
    • What might you do differently?
    • How do you see yourself using social-emotional coaching in your classroom?

    Using Social and Emotional Coaching

    Example 3: Learner Look

    Video Prompts

    • Listen for the behavior-specific praise statement, “I like how Brooke is ready to go with her learner look.”
    • Notice how this teacher provides feedback to the students who are demonstrating they are ready by having a “learner look.”
    • The “learner look” would be taught to the students by the teacher prior to use (see Teaching Behavior Expectations).

    Reflecting On Video

    • How can using behavior-specific praise help get students not ready to get on task more quickly?
    • What did you like about how the teacher used behavior-specific praise?
    • How do you think it made that student feel?
    • How might other students respond after hearing the teacher?
    • How might you use this strategy in your classroom?

    Example 2: Calling on Student

    Video Prompt

    • Watch how this teacher uses behavior-specific praise when calling on a student to answer a question.

    Reflecting On Video

    • How does using behavior-specific praise make it clear to students what the expectation is at that time?

    Example 1: Whole Class Compliment

    Video Prompts

    • In this video, you will see a teacher using several strategies, including providing behavior-specific praise.
    • Notice how she uses both individual and group opportunities to respond (see Increasing Opportunities to Respond).
    • Listen for when the teacher says, “Let’s give Bailey a big hand for doing such a good job,” prompting the whole class to compliment a student.
    • Lastly, notice how she uses behavior-specific praise (“I like the way people are raising their hands.“) to let students know it is important to raise their hands to answer.

    Reflecting On Video

    • What did you like about how this teacher used praise in her classroom?
    • How do you think Bailey felt when her class recognized her good work?
    • How might you incorporate some of what you saw in this video into your daily teaching?

    Using Behavior-specific Praise

    Example 3: Private Comments

    Video Prompts

    • Notice how the teacher checks in with each student as they do independent work.
    • She comments on their work, provides feedback as needed, and gives a lot of praise privately to each student.

    Reflecting On Video

    • How do you think the students felt as the teacher privately gave each praise or commented on their work?
    • What did you like about the way the teacher used active supervision here?
    • How might you incorporate some of what you saw in this video into your daily teaching?

    Example 1: Dot Charts

    Video Prompts

    • This video demonstrates a teacher using dot charts during active supervision.
    • Notice how the teacher comments on the student’s work, provides feedback, and then puts a dot on the student’s chart. When the chart is full, the student knows they will earn a reward.

    Reflecting On Video

    • How might using dot charts with your students help keep them engaged in their work?
    • What did you like about the way the teacher used active supervision here?
    • How might you incorporate some of what you saw in this video into your daily teaching?

    Increasing Opportunities to Respond

    Using Active Supervision

    The Good Behavior Game: Rule - No Talking

    Video Prompts

    • Notice how the teacher introduces the game to the class and breaks them into groups.
    • The Good Behavior Game helps teach student self-regulation by having them inhibit or not display misbehavior. If misbehavior occurs, the team earns a point.
    • Notice how the teacher explains the rule for that day.
    • The teacher also lets the student know how long the game will occur and what the reward will be for the team with the fewest points.
    • Notice that the teacher allows the students to ask questions before the game begins.
    • Notice that the teacher provides the reward immediately at the end of the game.

    Reflecting On Video

    • What did you like about how this teacher used the Good Behavior Game?
    • How might you use the Good Behavior Game in your classroom?

    Using Group Contingencies

    Voice Level

    Video Prompts

    • This teacher has already taught her students to use a number system to monitor the level of sound they should be using during an activity.
    • In this video, as she is passing out an assignment, she provides a precorrection to a make sure the students use the appropriate level of their voice (level 1 no more than level 2).

    Reflecting On Video

    • How might giving this prompt prevent students from inadvertently being too loud during the assignment?
    • What did you like about how the teacher helped the students determine what level of sound was appropriate?
    • What activities or times of the day would it be useful to provide your students with a precorrection so that students know what to do before problems occur?

    Using Precorrection

    Teaching Behavior Expectations

    Providing Academic Feedback

    Example 4: Show Answers on Chest

    Video Prompts

    • This teacher provides an opportunity to respond by letting all students answer the question and show her on their chest.
    • Notice how quickly the students respond, providing the teacher with quick feedback on whether everyone understands.

    Reflecting On Video

    • What do you like about this way of having students answer?

    Example 3: Yes Knocks

    Video Prompts

    • This is an example of a teacher using “yes knocks” for students to respond to an academic question.

    Reflecting On Video

    • How might you use this type of opportunity to respond in your classroom?
    • What would you do if students were not responding correctly?

    Example 2: White Board

    Video Prompts

    • This lesson demonstrates using white boards during math story problems.
    • Notice how the teacher uses a fast pace and lets the students know when they have completed the answer correctly.

    Reflecting On Video

    • What did you like about how this teacher provided academic questions and gave students feedback?
    • How did she make fairly complicated math problems fun and interactive?
    • How might you incorporate some of what you saw and liked about how she explained the lesson in your classroom?

    Example 1: Individual and Choral Responding

    Video Prompts

    • Notice how she moves around the classroom as she asks questions of individual students.
    • She intersperses praise and describes what the students are doing well throughout.
    • She also asks the students to read and respond together.
    • She asks 14 OTRs in just over one minute. Wow!

    Reflecting On Video

    • What did you like about how the teacher included so many students and asked so many academic questions?
    • Why do you think the students were so engaged?
    • How might you incorporate some of what you saw and liked about from this video into your classroom practice?

    Welcome